Nursing

The Hingham Public School Nurses are essential members of the educational team. Our mission is to foster the growth, development and educational achievement of all students by promoting health and wellness, in a safe and supportive environment. We are committed to meeting the health needs of individual students and through collaboration with public and private agencies and health care providers, we advocate for students, their families and the school community.

Our Nurses

Deborah Whiting, M.Ed, BS, RN, NCSN

District Nurse Coordinator

Plymouth River School

781-741-1530 [email protected] 

Susanne Hallisey, M.Ed, BSN RN

Hingham Middle School

781-741-1550  x4048

[email protected]

Kristina McManus, MSN, RN, NCSN, CNOR, NE-BC

Hingham High School

781-741-1560 x2095

[email protected]

Carol Lincoln M.Ed, BS, RN, NCSN

South Elementary School


781-741-1540 x4214


[email protected]

Jamie von Freymann, M.Ed, BSN, RN

Hingham Middle School

781-741-1550 x4047


[email protected]

Kristine O’Keeffe, BA, RN 

Hingham High School

781-741-1560 x2095


ko’[email protected]

Heidi Vigneau, RN                   

Foster Elementary School

781-741-1520


[email protected]

Callie Shanahan, BSN, RN

East Elementary School

781-741-1570


[email protected]

Philosophy

The National Association of School Nurses defines school nursing as: “A specialized practice of professional nursing that advances the well-being, academic success, and lifelong achievement of students.  To that end, school nurses facilitate positive student responses to normal development; promote health and safety; intervene with actual and potential health problems; provide case management services; and actively collaborate with others to build student and family capacity for adaptation, self management, self advocacy, and learning.”

Hingham Public School Nurses endorse the following beliefs developed by the American School Health Association and The National Association of School Nurses:

  • Every child is entitled to educational opportunities that will allow him/her to reach full capacity as an individual and prepare him/her for responsibility as a citizen.
  • Every child is entitled to a level of health which permits maximum utilization of educational opportunities.
  • The school health program, through the components of health service, health education and concern for the environment, provides knowledge and understanding on which to base decisions for the promotion and protection of individual, family and community health.
  • Parents have the basic responsibility for the health of their children; the school health program activities exist to assist parents in carrying out their responsibilities.
  • The core roles that the school nurse fulfills to foster student health and educational success include; providing direct care to students, providing leadership for the provision of health services,  providing/coordinating screening and referral for health conditions, promoting a healthy school environment, promoting/providing health education, serving in leadership roles for health policies and programs, being a liaison between school personnel, family, health care professionals, and the community.

Goals

  • Reduce health-related barriers to learning and health related absenteeism thus improving student achievement
  • Promote the health, safety, and wellness of all students and staff in the Hingham Public Schools
  • Promote a positive, collaborative relationship with students, families, colleagues, and the community
  • Promote best practices in school health services through professional development and resources.

Information, Documents & Resources

Asthma

Asthma is a chronic disease that affects your ability to breathe. Your airways, the tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs, become tight, swollen and produce mucus. The airways are also sensitive, and may react strongly to things that you are allergic to or find irritating. Symptoms of asthma are wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and trouble breathing. Asthma can cause symptoms ranging from minor wheezing to life-threatening asthma attacks. – MA Department of Public Health

School nurses help students with asthma stay in control and stay in school. If your child has asthma please contact your child’s school nurse for assistance. Keeping students with chronic health conditions in school is a health partnership between the parents/guardians, guidance counselors and school health services.

An Asthma Action Plan should be sent to your child’s school nurse at the start of each school year, upon a new diagnosis of asthma or with any changes to the action plan during the school year. 

An inhaler may be kept in the nurse’s office, or students may carry their own inhalers during  the school day (except in elementary school–inhalers will be with the nurse).

Please download the asthma action plan form below if needed.

Sources: www.aafa.org, www.mass.gov/asthma-prevention-and-control

Attendance Guidelines for Illness

When should I keep my child home from school?

The Hingham Public School’s health policy, regarding school attendance and illness, asks that you please keep your child home from school if he/she….

  • Has a fever of greater than or equal to 100.4 F within the past 24 hours.  A student must be fever free for 24 hours without the use of a fever reducer medication such as ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  • Has vomiting or diarrhea within the past 24 hours
  • Has been dismissed from school due to fever, vomiting, diarrhea or other communicable illness and may not return to school the next day
  • Has an unexplained rash or draining skin sores   (Provide health care provider’s note upon return to school)
  • Is being treated for a contagious illness such as: Strep Throat, Impetigo, Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) and must remain at home until on antibiotics for a full 24 hours   (Provide health care provider’s note upon return to school)
  • Has active infestation of head lice .  Child should be checked by the school nurse before returning to school
  • Has a cold in its active stages, with secretions and/or cough that can not be controlled.

If your child shows signs and symptoms of illness in school, it will be necessary for them to be picked up.  Please keep all Emergency Contact Information up to date.

When you call or email that your child is absent due to illness or injury, please inform us of the nature of the illness or injury.

Thank you for your cooperation in helping to keep all of our students and staff healthy!

Communicable Illness Policy

In an effort to keep all of our students (and staff) healthy, we ask that you please read and follow our communicable illness/condition policy below:

During the school year, communicable illnesses and/or conditions such as strep throat, mononucleosis, staph infections, seasonal flu (influenza), fifth disease, stomach viruses, as well as, pediculosis (head lice) may be prevalent.  In order to reduce the spread of these illnesses or conditions in school, we are asking that you please observe your child carefully and frequently for any signs and symptoms. The most common symptoms for many of these illnesses/conditions are fever, cough, runny nose, sore throat, rash, vomiting, diarrhea. Head lice causes an itchy scalp.

If your child displays any of these signs and symptoms, please keep them home from school. By doing this, you will help prevent your child from having a difficult time with the illness during the school day, and it will prevent transmitting the illness to other children and staff.  Please be aware that students must be fever-free (without fever reducing medications) and/or no vomiting or diarrhea for at least 24 hours before returning to school. A fever is defined as a temperature of 100.4F or higher.

A frequent examination of your child’s scalp is advised because unknown exposure to head lice, both in and out of school, may occur at any time. After being treated for head lice, your child must be checked by the school nurse before re-entering school.

All students returning to school after having a communicable illness must present a note from their health care provider stating the nature of the illness. They may not return to school without a certificate as prescribed by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health.

The following illnesses must have a doctor’s note in order to return to school:

  • Strep Infection       
  • Impetigo 
  • Scarlet Fever
  • Mononucleosis         
  • Mumps                       
  • Measles           
  • German measles        
  • Whooping Cough     
  • Encephalitis              
  • Chicken Pox

If a child has other communicable illnesses such as conjunctivitis (pink eye) and influenza (flu), please inform and consult with the school nurse relative to the child’s return to school. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact your school nurse.

Thank you for your help in keeping all of our students (and staff) happy and healthy this school year!

Concussions

A concussion is a traumatic brain injury, caused by a blow or jolt to the head, that can temporarily or permanently impair a student’s physical abilities and change how the student thinks, acts and learns in school.

Physical symptoms that may occur are headache, nausea, light and noise sensitivity, fatigue, dizziness, blurred vision, changes in emotional state and short-term memory, and  reduced concentration.  Concussions may impact school performance with regards to organizational skills and completing assignments and tests.

It is important that a physician evaluates your child for any concussion symptoms and designs a plan of recovery with you as parents and the school.  There are usually four stages of recovery:

Red StageStudents typically do not attend school (2-4 days).  TV, reading, cell phone & computers are limited.
Orange StageSchool attendance is half days and activity continues to be limited.
Yellow StageSchool attendance is full day.  Increasing homework and major test taking once a day.
Green StageSchool attendance is full-time and normal activities are resumed.

The above stages will vary with each student, depending on the severity of symptoms.

Any student with a suspected concussion must see a physician and have a documented Concussion Plan of Recovery in place at school.  A physician note is needed to return to school and to participate in sports.  A physician note is also required to be excused from MCAS testing.

For more information on concussion and the treatment plan, please visit www.cdc.gov/concussion.

Below is the Head Injury Reporting Form for parents to fill out during sports season and the Post Head Injury Clearance form for your child’s physician to complete upon concussion clearance.

Click HERE to download the Head Injury Reporting Form to complete during sport season.

Click HERE to download Post Head Injury Clearance form for your child’s physician to complete upon concussion clearance.

Examinations & Screenings

State Mandated Health ScreeningsAccording to Massachusetts general laws, all students are required to have vision, hearing, body mass index (BMI) and postural screenings, andBrief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT)  at certain grade levels in school.  Parents & Guardians may opt out of any screening.  Please notify your child’s school nurse in writing if this is the case.

Students entering Kindergarten are required by Massachusetts General Law, Chapter 71 and Section 57, to have a pre-school vision screening which includes stereopsis. Please contact your child’s health care specialist for more information.

The schedule for health screenings is as follows:

Vision: Grade 1 through grade 5 and once in grade 6-8 and once in grade 10

If a student does not pass the vision screening, a referral letter recommending further evaluation by thier care provider or eye specialist, will be sent home. Please contact your child’s physician or health care provide promptly for an evaluation if you are notified that your child has not passed the vision screening. Early detection and correction may prevent problems in school performance and permanent vision loss.  Optimal vision is essential in order for your child to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary to maximize their educational experience and success.

Hearing: Kindergarten through grade 3 and once in grade 6-8 and once in grade 10

Students who do not pass the initial hearing screening are rechecked at a later date, as a decrease in hearing may be related to cold symptoms or congestion. If a student does not pass the hearing screening a second time, a referral letter recommending further evaluation by their care provider will be sent home.

Please contact your child’s physician or health care provider promptly for an evaluation if you are notified that your child has not passed the hearing screening.  Early detection and correction may prevent problems in school performance and permanent hearing loss.  Optimal hearing is essential in order for your child to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary to maximize his/her educational experience and success.

BMI: Grades 1, 4, 7 & 10

Postural: Grades 5 through 9

SBIRT:  Grades 7 & 9

SBIRT is an evidence-based screening to promote prevention and identify early risk for substance use in adolescents.  Hingham High School (HHS) will screen all students in grade 9 during P.E. class, elective classes or study hall.  Student screening sessions will be brief (approximately 5 minutes) and all confidential screenings will be conducted in private one-on-one sessions by the nurse.  We will utilize the CRAFFT-II screening tool, which is the Department of Public Health (DPH) recommended substance tool.  Please refer to www.masbirt.org for further information and resources.

Students who report that they are not using substances will have their healthy choices reinforced by the nurse.  The nurse will provide brief feedback to any student who reports using substances or who is at risk for future substance use.  Results of the screening are confidential and will not be included in your student’s school record, nor will the results be shared with parents or any school staff without written consent from the student. If the nurse feels there is a potential for your child to engage in risky behavior in the immediate future or identifies a risk to your child’s safety, they will be referred to the appropriate counseling staff for further evaluation. All students will receive educational material and a resource list at the time of the screening.

All screenings are performed in accordance with the Commonwealth of Massachusetts regulations. Students may also be screened at any time during the year at a teacher or parent’s request. If screening results indicate the need for follow-up care by a physician, parents/guardian will be notified in writing.

Health Notices & Advisories

Head Lice (Pediculosus)

Head lice are tiny, wingless insects that live close to the human scalp. They feed on human blood.  When checking for head lice, you may see several forms: the nit, the nymph, and the adult louse.  Nits are tiny, teardrop-shaped lice eggs that are often yellowish or white. Nits are attached to the hair shaft and often found around the nape of the neck or the ears. Nits can look similar to dandruff, but cannot be easily removed or brushed off.  Nymphs, or baby lice, are small and grow to adult size in 1 to 2 weeks. Adult lice are the size of a sesame seed and appear tan to grayish white. (NASN) 

Head lice can be a nuisance but they have not been shown to spread disease. They are found worldwide and are most commonly found in school aged children and in the household members of infested children. Head lice move by crawling; they cannot hop or fly. Head lice are spread by direct contact with the hair of an infested person.  Anyone who comes in head-to-head contact with someone who already has head lice is at greatest risk.  Spread by clothing (such as hats, scarves and coats) or other personal items (such as combs, brushes or towels) used by an infested person is uncommon.  Personal hygiene or cleanliness in the home or school has nothing to do with getting head lice. (CDC)
Signs and symptoms of infestation include:             

• Tickling feeling on the scalp or in the hair             

• Itching (caused by the bites of the louse)           

 • Irritability and difficulty sleeping (lice are more active in the dark)             • Sores on the head (caused by scratching, which can sometimes become infected) 

Finding a live nymph or adult louse on the scalp or in the hair is an indication of an active infestation. They are most commonly found behind the ears and near the neckline at the back of the head. (NASN)

In accordance with the recommendation of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the National Association School Nurses (NASN) with regards to head lice in schools, the following changes are being made to the HPS guidelines for head lice infestations.

Hingham Public Schools- Guidelines for Head Lice – October 2020

  1. Students will not be excluded from schools due to an active head lice infestation while in school.
  1. Head lice notification letters will no longer be distributed to parents.
  1. Parents of students with active head lice will be notified by the school nurse.
  1. Whole classroom head lice screening will not take place.
  1. Parents are encouraged to consult with their child’s pediatrician for information and guidance on head lice treatment.
  2. Parents are encouraged to check their child’s head for lice regularly and/or if the child is symptomatic.
  3. Please notify your school nurse if you find nits or live lice in your child’s hair.  Together we can work to eradicate the problem.

Below are some helpful websites that may clarify information about head lice and the transmission and treatment of lice.

DPH

National Association of School Nurses 

Link to Head Lice 101CDC

https://www.cdc.gov/parasites/lice/head/gen_info/faqs.html

https://www.nasn.org/HigherLogic/System/DownloadDocumentFile.ashx?DocumentFileKey=6a1638d6-c24d-e100-b2cd-9ae5511dd675&forceDialog=0

MRSA

Questions and Answers About Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

MRSA is sometimes said as a single word, “mersa,” or by saying all four letters, “M-R-S-A”

What is MRSA?

MRSA is a kind of bacteria that is resistant to some kinds of antibiotics. To understand MRSA it is helpful to learn about Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, often called “staph,” because MRSA is a kind of staph.

What are staph?

Staph are bacteria commonly carried on the skin or in the nose of healthy people. About 25-30% of the U.S. population carry staph on their  bodies at any time.

Do staph always make people sick?

No. Many people carry staph in their nose or on their skin for a period of time and do not know they are carrying them. They do not have skin infections. They do not have any other signs or symptoms of illness. This is called “colonization.”

Sometimes, though, staph can cause an infection, especially pimples, boils and other problems with the skin. These infections often contain pus, and may feel itchy and warm. Occasionally, staph cause more serious infections.

How are staph spread?

Staph are spread by direct skin-to-skin contact, such as shaking hands, wrestling, or other direct contact with the skin of another person. Staph are also spread by contact with items that have been touched by people with staph, like towels shared after bathing and drying off, or shared athletic equipment in the gym or on the field.

Staph infections start when staph get into a cut, scrape or other break in the skin. People who have skin infections—painful, swollen pimples, boils, and rashes, for example—should be very careful to avoid spreading their infection to others.

Is MRSA different from other staph?

Yes. MRSA is different from other staph because it cannot be treated with some antibiotics. When antibiotics are needed to treat a MRSA infection, the right antibiotic must be used. If the right antibiotic is not used, the treatment may not work.

MRSA is just like other staph in almost every other way:

  • MRSA can be carried on the skin or in the nose of healthy people, and usually not cause an infection or make them sick.
  • It can cause minor skin infections that go away without any special medical treatment.
  • It is spread the same way as other staph.
  • The symptoms are the same as other staph infections.

What are the symptoms of an infection caused by staph?

Pimples, rashes, pus-filled boils, especially when warm, painful, red or swollen, can mean that you have a staph or MRSA skin infection.

Occasionally, staph can also cause more serious problems such as surgical wound infections, bloodstream infections and pneumonia. The symptoms could include high fever, swelling, heat and pain around a wound, headache, fatigue and others.

What should I do if I think I have a staph skin infection?

Keep the area clean and dry. See your doctor, especially if the infection is large, painful, warm to the touch, or does not heal by itself.

How will my doctor know if I have a MRSA infection?

The only way to tell the difference between MRSA and other staph infections is with lab tests. Lab tests will also help your doctor decide which antibiotic should be used for treatment, if antibiotic treatment is necessary.

Your doctor will usually take a sample on a swab (like a Q-tip) from the infected area. The
sample will be sent to a laboratory to see if the infection is caused by staph. Blood and other
body fluids can also be tested for staph.

How are MRSA infections treated?

Most MRSA skin infections are treated by good wound and skin care: keeping the area clean and dry, washing your hands after caring for the area, carefully disposing of any bandages, and allowing your body to heal.

Sometimes treatment requires the use of antibiotics. Lab tests help your doctor decide which antibiotic should be used for treatment, if antibiotic treatment is necessary. If antibiotics are prescribed, it is important to use the medication as directed unless your doctor tells you to stop. If the infection has not improved within a few days after seeing your doctor, contact your doctor again.

How can I prevent a staph infection?

  • Regular handwashing is the best way to prevent getting and spreading staph, including MRSA. Keep your hands clean by washing them frequently with soap and warm water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, especially after direct contact with another person’s skin.
  • Keep cuts and scrapes clean and covered with a bandage until they have healed.
  • Avoid contact with other people’s wounds or bandages.
  • Avoid sharing personal items such as towels, washcloths, toothbrushes and razors. Sharing these items may transfer staph from one person to another.
  • Keep your skin healthy, and avoid getting dry, cracked skin, especially during the winter. Healthy skin helps to keep the staph on the surface of your skin from causing an infection underneath your skin.
  • Contact your doctor if you have a skin infection that does not improve.

For more information about MRSA, visit the MDPH website

Source: MA Department of Public Health

Ticks & Lyme Disease

  • Always make sure to check yourself daily for ticks.  
  • Wear appropriate clothing when in wooded areas making sure to wear long sleeves and long pants. 
  • If you obtain a tick bite contact your physician for more information. The Centers for Disease Control, (CDC) has some helpful tick information. The information includes tips for preventing tick bites, types of  ticks with illustrations and tick carrying diseases and more.  

www.mass.gov/eohhs/gov/departments/dph/programs/id/epidemiology/ticks/public-health-cdc-tickborne-educational-info.html

Vaping

Vaping devices.

Vaping is the inhalation of “vapor” created by an electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) or other vaping device.

E-cigarettes are electronic smoking devices. They have cartridges filled with a liquid that usually contains nicotine, flavorings, and chemicals.  It also can contain THC, the chemical in marijuana that makes the user feel “high.”  When the liquid is heated, it forms a vapor, which the person inhales.  That’s why e-cigarette use is referred to as “vaping.”
What Are the Health Effects of Vaping?

While we don’t know the full extent of long-term effects of vaping, health experts have already reported serious lung disease, lung damage, and even death related to vaping. 

Vaping puts nicotine into the body.  Nicotine is highly addictive, and can have negative impact on brain development in children and teens.  Memory, concentration, learning, self-control, attention, and mood can all be affected.  Vaping can also increase the risk of addiction to other substances.

There are many different kinds of vaping devices.  Common terms include JUULs, e-cigarettes, e-cigs, smokeless cigarettes, vaporizers, vapes, vape pens, vapor pens, e-hookah and hookah pens.  They come in different shapes and sizes.  One popular device, the Juul, looks like a flash drive.  It makes less smoke than other e-cigarettes, so some teens use them to vape at home and in school.  One Juul pod contains the same amount of nicotine as a full pack of cigarettes.  

Vaping Liquid:

The liquid used to vape most commonly contains three ingredients: propylene glycol and/or glycerin, chemicals for flavoring and nicotine.  Some vape pods can also contain THC, the chemical in marijuana that makes the user feel “high.”  Vaping doesn’t produce a lot of “smoke” and often doesn’t produce a smell.  

Do I Have to Vape Every Day to Get Addicted?

No.  Even if you don’t vape every day, you can still get addicted.  Nicotine is a highly addictive substance, and binds to the reward receptors in the brain, similar to alcohol, heroin, and other substances of abuse.  The adolescent brain is particularly sensitive to these substances, as it is undergoing massive growth and development during this time.  

Nicotine enters the brain approximately 10 seconds after inhaled and causes a “feel good” reaction (the brain’s reward pathway).  The feeling is short lived, however, because nicotine leaves the body relatively quickly.  The brain then begins to crave the feeling produced by the nicotine.  

What About E-cigarettes That Don’t Have Nicotine?

ALL Juul pods contain nicotine, as does most vape liquid.  ALL vape liquid contains chemicals that can cause lung irritation and damage.

VIDEO: Vaping cost one teen his health and dreams.

How to Quit:

Additional Resources from the CDC:

West Nile Virus & EEE

West Nile Virus and Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) are diseases caused by a virus.  The virus is spread to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito.  Mosquitoes become infected when they bite infected birds.Most people do not have symptoms when infected with West Nile Virus. Encephalitis, inflammation and swelling of the brain, is the most dangerous complication
The symptoms of EEE include: fever, stiff neck, headache and lack of energy.  These symptoms show up 3-10 days after a bite from an infected mosquito.  
There is no treatment for EEE.  

PREVENTION & PROTECTION FROM EEE IS THE KEY!
Here are some things you can do to reduce your chances of being bitten:

  • Avoid outdoor activities between dusk and dawn.  This is when mosquitoes are most active.
  • Wear long pants, long-sleeve shirt and socks while outdoors. This will help keep mosquitoes away from your skin.
  • Keep mosquitoes out of your house by repairing any holes in your screens and make sure screens are attached tightly to all doors and windows.
  • Remove areas of standing water around your home. 
  • Using a mosquito repellent is a family choice.  For further information on choosing and using repellents safely, see MDPH Mosquito Repellent Fact Sheet on mass.gov/dph
  • For more information on West Nile Virus & EEE, The Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH) has a web-site on Mosquito-borne Diseases at www.mass.gov/dph
  • You may also contact your local board of health (listed in the telephone directory under “government”).
  • You may also call MDPH toll-free at (888) 658-2850.

Mosquito control in your city or town: Mosquito control in Massachusetts is conducted through nine mosquito control districts. The State Reclamation and Mosquito Control Board (SRMCB) oversees all nine districts. Contact information for each district can be found online at mass.gov/dph. You may also contact the SRMCB within the Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources at 617-626-1700 or your local board of health. 

Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Image result for coronavirus

Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a respiratory illness that can be spread from person to person. The virus that causes COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus that was first identified during an investigation into an outbreak in Wuhan, China. (CDC)

TransmissionThis is transmitted from person to person contact.  A person who has the virus may pass it to others via respiratory droplets.  When infected person coughs or sneezes, their droplets can land on another person’s mouth, nose or eyes.

Symptoms:  Symptoms include; fever, cough, shortness of breath, chills, new loss of smell or taste, sore throat, headache, muscle or body aches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, nasal congestion or runny nose. Symptoms may appear in as few as 2 days up to 14 days after exposure.

Prevention: There is currently no vaccine. 

Everyday Preventive Actions:
Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
Stay home when you are sick.
Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue or into your sleeve.
Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.​

STAY INFORMED AND UPDATED. The Massachusetts Department of Public Health is working closed with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC).covid 19 compared to other common conditions table

Resources:
COVID-19 Health & Safety for HPS Staff:
file://efiles/dwhiting$/Documents/COVID-19%20Protocols/COVID-19%20HEALTH%20&%20SAFETY%20PROTOCOLS%20for%20HPS%20Staff%2010_29_20.docx%20(2).pdf

Communication of COVID-19 & Health Information for Families:
file:///C:/Users/dwhiting/Downloads/Communication%20of%20COVID-19%20&%20Health%20Information%20for%20Families%2010_30_20%20(2).pdf

COVID DAILY CHECKLIST (1).pdf  

HPS Back to School Basics 2020-2021.pdfCommunication of COVID-19 & Health Information for Families.pdf

COVID & KIDS Reference: This helpful document explains various COVID-19 scenarios. It was created by the Massachusetts Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics and is based on guidelines from the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.

https://mcaap.org/2018/wp-content/uploads/new-handout-copy.pages-FINAL.pdf
 
www.cdc/ncov. OR  mass.gov


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GoXxmzKdick



STATE TRAVEL GUIDANCE:
https://www.mass.gov/info-details/covid-19-travel-order

Influenza 2019-2020

 WHAT IS THE FLU?
The Flu is caused by a virus that infects your lungs, nose, and throat and makes you sick.  Symptoms include fever, weakness, muscle aches, cough, headache, sore throat and nasal congestion. 

HOW IS THE FLU SPREAD?
The Flu spreads easily from person to person.  When people with the flu cough or sneeze,  the flu virus is in the wet spray that comes out of their nose and and mouth.  The flu virus also gets on objects people touch like; doorknobs, phones and toys.  After touching  these objects, the virus can infect a person when they touch their mouth, nose or eyes.

HOW TO PREVENT THE FLU?
Get a flu shot every year to prevent the flu. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.  If you don’t have a tissue, cough into your inner elbow. Keep your hands away from your eyes, nose and mouth. Use a household cleaner to clean  things that are touched often like: door and refrigerator handles, computer keyboards/mouse, phone and toys. Wash your hands often with soap and warm water, or use an alcohol-based hand gel. If your or your child is sick, keep them home.

covid 19 compared to other common conditions table

Sources:
 mass.gov/flu              cdc.gov/flu              https://youtu.be/MfX6xGdQco0

Life-Threatening Allergies

Picture Life-Threatening Allergies

What is a Life-Threatening Allergic Reaction or Anaphylaxis?  

Anaphylaxis (a-na-fi-LAX-is) is a life-threatening allergic reaction that can occur quickly (as fast as within a couple of minutes). Symptoms of anaphylaxis vary, but can include hives, itching, flushing, and swelling of the lips, tongue, and roof of the mouth. The airway is often affected, resulting in tightness of the throat, chest tightness and difficulty breathing. These reactions can also be accompanied by chest pain, low blood pressure, dizziness, headaches, abdominal pain and vomiting. Anaphylaxis can be caused by a number of triggers including but not limited to certain foods, stinging and biting insects, medications and  latex.

If your child has been diagnosed with a Life Threatening Allergy the following must be provided prior to the start of school:   
1. A physician and parent signed Allergy Action Plan    
2. A clear 2 X 2 photo of child’s face   
3. An unexpired Epi-Pen or epinephrine injector, in a pharmacy labeled box 
4. You can download a Food Allergy Action Plan below if needed.

Hingham Public Schools Allergy Management Policy

Allergy Action Plan Form.pdf 

Immunizations

Evidence of immunizations for all students must be on file with the school nurse in order to be in compliance with the requirements of Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 76, Section 15, which specifically prohibits admitting a student to school without a physician verifying that religious or medical exemptions apply.  

Children need to be immunized against Diphtheria/Pertussis/Tetanus, Measles/Mumps/ Rubella, Polio, Hepatitis B, Varicella and Haemophilus Influenzae type B (HIB-Preschool requirement only).  Children who are not fully immunized against these preventable illnesses are not allowed to attend school.

Medical and Religious exemptions must be submitted to the Health Office annually. A copy of the exemption form can be found below.

In order to insure adherence to Massachusetts immunization requirements, monitoring of infections and other diseases are important functions of the school nurse.  The school nurse works with parents, administrators, school staff, primary care providers, local and regional Boards of Health, school physician and others to maintain a healthy school environment.  Upon recommendation to administration, students may be excluded from school if immunizations are not up to date or if a student has a communicable disease such as chicken pox, pertussis, scabies or conjunctivitis.

 
The 2020-21 school year will see the addition of new immunization requirements for meningococcal vaccine for school entry.  The flyer, New Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine (MenACWY) Requirement for School Entry (DOC), answers frequently asked questions about the new requirement.

For a comprehensive list of immunization requirements for the 2020-2021 school year please refer tohttps://www.mass.gov/doc/immunization-requirements-for-school-entry-0/download


For more information, contact your health care provider or the MDPH Immunization Program (617)-983-6800, www.mass.gov/dph/imm

Immunization exemption letter.docx.pdf 

Medications at School

Hingham Public Schools medication policy has been put in place to ensure the health and safety of children requiring medication during the school day. Guidelines are set forth by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health105 CMR 210.000: The Administration of Prescription Medications in Public and Private Schools and in accordance with the Massachusetts Nurse Practice Act.

All medications must be brought to school by a parent/guardian or designated adult in the original labeled container from the pharmacy or manufacturer.  

A signed medication order from your child’s licensed prescriber (physician, nurse practitioner, etc…) must be submitted to the  school nurse.

This order must be renewed (changes to order occur, discontinuation of the order and at the beginning of each academic school year) as needed by the licensed prescriber. 

The first dose of a newly prescribed medication will not be administered at school.

An individual medication plan will be developed and must be signed by both parent/guardian and nurse.

Only a 30-day supply of medication may be kept at school.  

No child is permitted to bring medications to school or carry medication in school with the exception of an inhaler,
Epinephrine auto injector or if wearing an insulin delivery system (pump). Students may carry their own inhaler, Epinephrine auto injector and/or insulin delivery system only after contacting the school nurse to provide a physician medication order form and parental permission form. 

For short-term medications (less than 10 days), such as antibiotics, parental consent is required.  The prescription label on the bottle is sufficient for physician consent.

Over-the counter medications may be administered with permission from parent/guardian by completing the Student Health Form that students receive during the first week of school each year. The 12 medications listed on the form are stocked in the nurse’s office and may be administered to your student at the discretion of the nurse in collaboration with a parent/guardian.

Medication Administration on Field Trips Elementary and Middle School Field Trips: Medications will be administered on field trips by a Registered Nurse or Designee.

High School Field Trips will require a medication form (provided by the field trip organizer) be completed for each student even if the student does not take any medication. This form must be completed for all day and overnight/international trips that are not managed by an outside tour company. This form gives parent permission for your child to self-administer medication on a high school sponsored field trip.

Please find a copy of the Hingham Public School Licensed Prescriber Medication Order Form, Parent Consent Form and HHS Field Trip Medication Form below available for download. Forms can also be found under the Forms Tab.


Medication Form Parent PDF.pdf

Medication Form Prescriber.doc

Medication Self-Administration for Field trips (Appendix E)-September 2019.pdf

overnight field trip form (HHS).pdf (74k)

District Forms

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Debbie Whiting, M.Ed, BS, RN, NCSN

Nursing Coordinator, K-12

781-741-1530

[email protected]